The obese patients are at high risk of diabetes and cardiac ailments. Bariatric surgeries aim at reducing their food intake by making their stomach smaller. Using Bariatric surgery, the amount of food you can eat and digest is limited by changing the anatomy of your digestive system. For those who are fat with a BMI of at least 40 and others with a BMI of 30 and suffering from some serious medical conditions like diabetes, it is vital that the bodyweight is decreased to a safe level. Bariatric surgery is supposed to gain this. Bariatric surgery is an excellent method for overweight people who cannot follow weight loss program or exercise. By reducing stomach size or resulting in decreased absorption of nutrients and sometimes both, Bariatric surgery yields great health benefits in cases like Type-2 diabetes and also in prevention of cancer.
The gastric sleeve, lap-band and Bariatric bypass surgeries are the commonly performed Bariatric surgeries. The surgeon in this discipline will determine the nature of surgery needed in a particular case. Sometimes, a real mix of these types is adapted in a particular case. The surgery is performed under general anesthesia. You cannot find any set or universal method of performing Bariatric surgery. Just after Bariatric surgery, your life-style should be transformed to make it easier to follow normal life. The surgery is performed to limit your food intake. Normally, the stomach capacity after the operation is significantly reduced to a few ounces of solid foods or liquids.After Bariatric surgery your body adapts itself to the changed circumstances. It’s possible to return to normal activities within one week of Bariatric surgery. The diet of the patient undergoes a change after Bariatric surgery. The gastro intestinal tract takes 1-3 days to recover. The patient has to take clear liquid diet in this recovery period. This diet comprises of clear broth, diluted fruit juices or gelatin desserts without sugar. Afterwards, a pureed food like cream of wheat, protein drinks, cream soup or mashed potatoes with gravy are given not less than fourteen days. Right after Bariatric surgery, any food intake beyond the reduced capacity of the stomach causes nausea and throwing up thereby curbing overeating. To compensate for reduced intake of essential nutrients, many patients are given Vitamin pills . In most cases, physicians prescribe a diet rich in proteins and low in carbohydrates and alcohol to compensate for the loss in quantity of food intakes. It should be borne in mind that a carefully drawn up diet plan would allow for greater weight loss and keep your system healthy.