Vaginitis is a term used to describe any disorder that causes swelling or infection in the vulva and the vagina. There are not one, but various kinds of vaginitis that occur. The most common types are:
- Yeast infections
- Bacterial vaginosis
- Sexually transmitted form of vaginitis- it is further of a few types: Trichomoniasis, Chlamydia, Herpes Simplex Virus (HSP), and Human Papilloma Virus (HPV)
- Non infectious vaginitis
Yeast infections are caused by the fungus ‘Candida’. This is one of the most common infections. It is prone to women of reproductive age.its symptoms generally include thick white discharge and an itchy vulva.
Bacterial vaginosis is caused due to overgrowth of bacteria already present in the vagina.the symptoms of the same are a tin milky discharge having a fishy odour.
Sexually transmitted Vaginitis is often spread through sexual contact of all types. They are often said to be STD’s (sexually transmitted diseases). There are various types of it. Trichomoniasis for one is a curable disease. It may or may not have symptoms. Its symptoms include vaginal discharge that is bubbly, greenish-yellow, and has an odour; itching and soreness of the vulva and the vagina; and burning when you urinate.
Chlamydia is also curable. Symptoms of chlamydia include a mucus-like or pus-like vaginal discharge or pain when you urinate. It can cause infection in the throat in case of oral physical contact. In case of pregnant women, it can affect the child too.
HSV is a viral infection. It can be controlled and not cured. It is also called “genital herpes”. It causes sores or lesions on the vulva.
HPV is also a viral infection. It too cannot be cured but controlled. The symptoms may include genital warts that are gray, white or purple, inside the vagina. Some of its types can lead to cervical cancer and other cervical problems.
Non infectious vaginitis–Is typically the result of an allergic reaction or an irritation to vaginal sprays, creams, and spermacides, or to soaps, detergents, and fabric softeners. Once you stop using the product that caused the reaction, your symptoms should go away.