Obesity is defined as the accumulation of excess fat in the body. It represents a bad health condition with reduce basal metabolic rate .Obesity has a predominant effect on an individuals life.
Obesity causes many health related problems like cancer, osteoarthritis, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, liver and breathing difficulties. It also causes social and emotional problems. Children suffering with obesity also suffer obesity in adult age, these obesity factors increases health problems with increase in age.
Obesity disease reduces body mass index and life expectancy. Obesity is caused mainly due to lack of physical exercises and proper diet plan. Due to obesity, body metabolism rate decreases which cause more weight gain in the body due to fat storage.
Obesity information consists of:
• Obesity causing factors
• Obesity health risks
• Obesity effects in women
• Obesity effects in men
• Obesity effects in teenagers and children
• Drug treatments for obesity
Obesity causing factors:
• Dietary calories
• Genetic problems
• Sedentary life style
• Infectious agents
• Medical and psychiatric illness
• Social determinants.
But most of the medical practitioner still believes that obesity is mainly caused by more calories intake and lack of physical exercise. These obesity factors increases health problems with increase in age.
Obesity health risks: Due to the obesity factors, lots of people were facing many health risks .These obesity health risks are very harmful to the obese people as it causes many disorders. People with obesity disorder have chances of dying early.
Here is the list of obesity health risks.
• Prostate, Breast, Kidney, Endometrial, Colon, Esophageal and throat cancer.
• Heart disease
• Type-1,Type 2 diabetes
• Breathing difficulties (asthma).
• Fatty liver disease
• Gallbladder disease
• Chronic Venus insufficiency
• Deep vein thrombosis
Obesity health risks also include social and emotional problems. These obesity factors increases health problems with increase in age.
Obesity in women: obesity in women causes many problems like menstrual abnormality, infertility, obstetric, miscarriage and gynecological complications. Obese woman have more chances to die earlier than non-obese women. Women have more chances to attain obesity after menopause because excess fat will be stored in thighs and hips by the estrogen levels in the body. This leads them to more health risk problems.
Obesity in men: Generally men have high rate for the occurrence of abdominal obesity which causes several health risk problems like Prostate, Breast, Kidney, Endometrial, Colon, Esophageal and throat cancer, Osteoarthritis, Heart disease, Type-1,Type 2 diabetes , Breathing difficulties (asthma), Fatty liver disease, Gallbladder disease, Chronic Venus insufficiency, Deep vein thrombosis and Arthritis disease. Men at the age of 20-30 years facing overweight with a body mass index greater than 45.They have shorter life expectancy by 12 years. In men we can find abdominal obesity at high rate, because many of them stores fat in the middle of the abdomen. So, men with obesity are generally made up with fat belly. Fat belly represents the metabolic syndrome in men. This metabolic disorder is the main reason for causing health risk problems in men.
Obesity in teenagers and children: Children aged 6-11 years are more affected to obesity due to more calorie intake and lack of proper physical activities. Teenagers are well affected to obesity by taking junk foods and alcohol contents. Teenage obesity became like an epidemic disease due to rapid changes in food transitions and social behavior.