Pregnancy & motherhood is one of the most wonder times experienced during a lifetime. During this phase, the body undergoes various hormonal changes that affect the growth of the baby. Gestational diabetes is one of the common issues encountered during pregnancy that can have drastic effects on the health of the mother and baby.
Understanding Gestational Diabetes
Gestational diabetes emerges around 24th week of pregnancy. Even if the mother is not a diabetic throughout her life, instances of gestational diabetes may occur. Approximately 2-10% of women encounter diabetes. The disease is characterized by high sugar levels in the blood stream which is caused due to the inability of the blood to convert glucose which is broken down to produce energy with the help of insulin. Due to hormonal changes, the requirement of insulin secreted by the pancreatic gland increases which results in high blood glucose level causing gestational diabetes.
Women who experience gestational diabetes are prone to experience diabetes in the later years of their lives and are at higher risk of developing this problem during future pregnancies. Hence, it is always better to refer a qualified gynecologist in Delhi who can guide you regarding the pro’s & con’s related to this issue.
Detecting Symptoms of Gestational Diabetes
Since gestational diabetes does not have any specific symptoms, the regular check-ups, glucose screening test & glucose tolerance test recommended by the doctors during pregnancy is a benchmark to detect the problem. The test is conducted between 24- 28 weeks of pregnancy. Obese women with a BMI above 30 is at higher risk of gestational diabetes. Apart from these, factors like high sugar levels in urine, diabetic family history, high blood pressure, women above 35 years of age who have had babies with birth defects and still births should be cautious of this disease.
Combating Gestational Diabetes
Although, women with gestational diabetes tend to have normal, healthy babies but sometimes, the weight of the babies may be more which makes it difficult for the baby to pass the birth canal, resulting in a condition called ‘Macrosomia’. Due to this, the baby may experience shoulder dystocia, fracture or nerve damage. Even after pregnancy, the baby might have low blood sugar level (hypoglycemia), jaundice and remain obese during his childhood & adulthood. In order to avoid all these instances, it is important to control gestational diabetes right at the initial stages.
By following these simple steps, you can keep a check on your blood sugar levels during pregnancy-
Balanced & Nutritious Diet: A healthy diet comprising all the vitamins, minerals, and fibers provide nutrition to the body. A diet chart can be followed to add variety, balance and taste into your food palette.
Regular Exercise: Moderate exercises like walking, swimming, yoga is highly recommended during pregnancy. Since, exercising keeps a tab on the blood glucose level, it should be followed every day for at least 30 minutes.
Medication: If necessary medicine should be taken. These might include multivitamin, iron tablets or medicines to control diabetes. Consult the best gynecologist in Delhi who will keep a tab on your diabetes level during pregnancy and help you deliver a healthy baby.
Sunrise Hospital is a renowned medical institution that has a team of industry’s best gynecologist in Delhi. Besides specializing in pregnancy care, the hospital offers heavy vaginal bleeding treatment. It is considered as the best laparoscopic hospital in Delhi.