Bulky people were perceived as healthy in India and this ignorance among the masses further aggravated the problem of Obesity. The rise in the prevelance obesity is associated with rise in prevelance of obesity related comobidities.
As per WHO’s The World health statistics 2012 report, one in six adults is obese, one in 10 diabetic and one in three has raised blood pressure. That is why WHO has taken a serious step to observe October 26 as World Obesity Day, TO FIGHT THIS BATTLE OF BULGE.
The changing lifestyle and instant coffee culture contributes a lot in the prevalence of this disease, where street’s fast food replaces the homemade food and the outcome is evident -the unwanted bulges and fat deposition.
Indians are genetically susceptible to weight accumulation especially around the waist leading to central obesity.
As per the guidelines of WHO, a person with a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 30 or more is generally considered obese. A person with a BMI equal to or more than 25 is considered overweight.
Obesity is a multifactorial disease , number of causes contribute in tandem. They can be genetic, metabolic, behavioural and environmental. As is now well known GENETICS LOADS THE GUN BUT ENVIRONMENT AND EATING HABITS FIRE IT.
The severity of obesity is not restricted to increase in weight, if not taken seriously this extra fat can lead to many chronic diseases, in fact can be lethal too.
Here are 20 side effects of obesity which lead to life threatening serious diseases.
- Type 2 Diabetes: Type 2 Diabetes and obesity are closely linked. The chances of developing type 2 diabetes increases by more than fifty times if you are obese.
In fact over a long period of time, high blood sugar levels and diabetes can increase the chances of heart disease, stroke, blindness, kidney failure, leg and foot amputations, and pregnancy complications.
- Heart Diseases: Putting on weight dramatically increase the chance of having a heart attack. When people eat too many calories, or too much saturated fat, trans fat and cholesterol, their blood cholesterol levels often rise. That raises their risk of heart diseases.
- High Blood Pressure: Being overweight, can affect blood pressure in a unfavourable way. Since extra weight can raise the heart rate and puts more pressure on blood vessels.
- Dyslipidemia/ High Cholesterol: People who are overweight or obese are more likely to have high cholesterol. High cholesterol is a risk factor for stroke and heart disease, as well as diabetes.
- Osteoarthritis & Joint Problems : Osteoarthritis is a common joint condition that most often affects the knee, hip, and back. Increased amount of obesity increases the risk of arthritis in obese people. The extra weight can cause more stress on joints and hips which results in arthritis in latter age.
- Cancer : The WHO international agency for Research on cancer has estimated that overweight and inactivity account for from a Quarter to third of all cancers of breast, colon, endometrium, kidney and oesophagus.
- Gastrointestinal disease: People who are obese, especially women, have increased risk of developing gallstones. Obesity increases the amount of cholesterol in bile, which can cause stone formation.
- Sleep apnea: If an obese person wakes up with the feeling of out of breath, sore throat, dry mouth or loud and chronic snoring, then one is surely suffering from sleep apnea. It also increases the chances of fatal heart attacks.
- Stroke: Stroke is a deadly disease and results due to deficiency of blood supply to the brain. Obesity and excessive weight put a strain on the entire circulatory system and which overall can increase the risk for stroke.
- Urinary Stress incontinence: Stress incontinence means you leak urine with things like coughing, sneezing or exercise. It happens when the pelvic floor muscles that support the bladder are weakened. Obese people are at a much higher risk of stress incontinence. Excess weight increases pressure on the abdominal organs. Consequently, the pressure on the bladder may be increased even without the additional pressure from a cough or other force.
- Surgical Complications: Obese people have a much higher risk of complications following surgery. Patients who carry a lot of extra weight can expect longer surgery times, longer recoveries and more complicat
- Infertility & miscarriages: Obesity significantly affects a woman’s capacity to carry on a term pregnancy. Excess weight affects a woman ovulation thus increasing fertility problem. It also decreases the rates of successful pregnancy in natural conception cycles. addition of infertility. Besides this if a women is undergoing reproductive therapies by accelerating and augmenting their ovulation cycles for better chances of conception, obesity may reduce the rates of pregnancy as well.
- Gynaecological and obstetric complications: Females who are obese face problems, including gestation diabetes, preeclampsia and delivery complications such as macrosomia, shoulder dystocia and higher rates of caesarean sections and infections.
- Liver disease (Non alcoholic fatty liver disease): Extra weight can cause fatty liver which in turn promotes liver disease in obese people. This is one of the most common causes of cryptogenic cirrhosis.
- Kidney disease: Obesity contributes to Type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure which increases the risk of kidney disease. Secondly the kidneys have to work harder, filtering above the normal level, called hyperfiltration, to meet the metabolic demands of the increased body mass index (BMI) in individuals which later on can lead to kidney disease.
- Psychological Effects– Obese people are the victims of physical bias, discrimination, mocking and humour. In addition, repeated failure of diet and exercise increase the feeling of despair and depression.
- Respiratory Problems: With the rise of weight and BMI the lung volumes decreases. This leads to more restricted air entry. Thus the extra fat can cause breathing problem which is also associated with high blood pressure.
- Obesity & Back pain: Obesity is one the contributing factors of back pain. Being overweight puts added pressure on the spine, which can cause pain.
- Obesity & Ulcers — According to a study by the National Institutes of Health (NIH), obesity can be a contributing factor to the development of gastric ulcers. Gastric ulcers occur when there is an imbalance between the amount of hydrochloric acid that is secreted and the enzyme pepsin. Overweight men are at a greater risk of developing gastric ulcers than women
- Obesity and Insomnia: Obesity plays a big part in a lot of sleeping problems. Since Obesity is closely associated with sleep apnea, the collapse of the upper windpipe that interrupts breathing and therefore sleep.